Good periodontal health could prevent heart disease

Good periodontal health could prevent heart disease

New York, USA: Researchers from the U.S. have found that improvements in periodontal health were linked to a clinically significant slower progression of atherosclerosis, a disease associated with narrowing of arteries through the buildup of atheromatous plaques, which can lead to heart disease and stroke.

In the study, researchers from the Columbia University in the City of New York followed 420 adults, who were examined for periodontal infection and atherosclerosis. Over a period of three years, the researchers gathered over 5,000 plaque samples, which were taken from the participants’ teeth and gums, and analyzed for 11 bacterial strains. In addition, fluid samples were taken from around the gums to assess levels of interleukin-1β, a marker of inflammation.

The researchers observed that improvement in periodontal health and reduction in the proportion of a specific bacterium linked to periodontal disease correlated with a slower intima-media thickness (IMT) progression, a measure used to diagnose the extent of carotid atherosclerotic vascular disease.

According to the study, there was a 0.1 mm difference in IMT change over the period among study participants whose periodontal health was deteriorating compared with those who showed improvements in their periodontal health.

“It is critical that we continue to follow these patients to see whether the relationship between periodontal infections and atherosclerosis carries over to clinical events like heart attack and stroke and test whether modifying the periodontal flora will slow the progression of atherosclerosis,” said Dr. Ralph Sacco, former president of the American Heart Association.

The participants were originally enrolled in the Oral Infections and Vascular Disease Epidemiology Study, a randomly sampled prospective cohort of Northern Manhattan residents.

The study, titled “Changes in Clinical and Microbiological Periodontal Profiles Relate to Progression of Carotid Intima‐Media Thickness: The Oral Infections and Vascular Disease Epidemiology Study,” was published online on Oct. 28 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Laser Periodontal Treatment in Philadelphia and on the Main Line

Dr. Waasdorp performs minimally invasive laser periodontal therapy, offering patients state of the art periodontal treatment rather than having traditional periodontal surgery.  Dr. Waasdorp is the first periodontist on the Main Line to offer this technology to his patients.

Doctors have used lasers for many years to provide better care for their patients. LASIK vision correction and laser procedures in dermatology are widely accepted forms of treatment. Advanced laser technology can now be used for your periodontal, cosmetic, implant and surgical care in our Philadelphia area practice.

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Here are some of the benefits you can expect to experience with the Laser Deep Pocket Therapy.

More Comfortable

The YSGG uses laser energy and a gentle spray of water to perform a wide range of dental procedures without the heat, vibration and pressure associated with the dental drill, and without using a scalpel to make incisions.

More Precise

The YSGG removes diseased tissue much more precisely than conventional methods. Greater precision in removing diseased tissues preserves more of the healthy tissues in your mouth. Minimally invasive treatment leads to quicker and better healing.

Less Bleeding and Swelling

Due to its conservative, gentle cutting action and coagulating capabilities, the YSGG performs many procedures with little or no bleeding and less post-operative swelling.